Graphic Design Learning Outcome 5



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What I learned about in this GDLO 5:

  • I learned about the different colour process that goes with the production of printing. CMYK is for printing and RGB is for the screen.
  • I learned about the sequential print process:
  1. Proofing – If the designer or client wants the artwork proofed before printing or production begins, then the printer produces a digital colour proof which is used to compare with the main production run to make sure it is consistant.
  2. Pre-Press Production – Raster Image Processor (RIP): RIP software translates the digital artwork into instructions for the printing hardware.
  3. Seperations and Platemaking – A commercial printing press separates each page of the digital artwork into images known as colour seperations.Printing – Once the pre-press production is complete, the job can then proceed to press. The most common forms of printing are: Offset Lithography, Screen Printing, Flexography and Digital Printing.


  1. Offset Lithography – used for stationary, brochures, newsprint, booklets, etc.
  2. Screen Printing – used for printing onto surfaces like fabric and glass
  3. Flexography – used for food and pharmaceutical packaging.
  4. Digital Printing – used for short-run or one-off prints like large-format displays or small-format publications.

4.  Print Finishing – A range of processes are used to finish the printed artwork, such as             guillotining it to the correct size or binding, laminating, embossing, folding, etc.




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